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California farmers produce more food than any other state on the country. But what if the state’s Big Agriculture also included marijuana? Backers of a ballot measure to legalize marijuana in California have started collecting signatures. And if it makes it onto the ballot and passes, Golden State growers might have a new crop to harvest.

Some Central Valley growers are already eyeing that possibility, including Los Banos farmer Cannon Michael.

A few years ago Michael discovered a 1-acre illegal marijuana grow on his land.

“They had made reservoirs and they were pumping water,” Michael says. “They had buried generators. They had this whole encampment and we knew nothing about it.”

He says the forbidden plantation was worth around $19 million. That’s more than he makes on 11,000 acres of tomatoes, cotton and other crops in one year. It got him thinking.

“I don’t know, I guess if I thought if I put in a 200-acre planting of marijuana, would the market sustain that?” says Michael.

Cannabis becoming a major player in big agriculture depends on whether Californians vote to legalize pot. If a legalization measure passes, the state would still have to develop regulations on how marijuana can be grown — and farmers would have to figure out which crops grow best. Even still, becoming a big grower early on makes sense for farmers like Cannon Michael, who have land and resources.

“To me it’s just another potential option for something that could be a benefit to the farm, and then also make some money hopefully,” Michael says.

But small farmers already growing legal medical marijuana say they don’t want big ag to push out smaller existing farms.

“I don’t really see any clear benefit,” says Hezekiah Allen with the California Growers Association, representing over 500 members. “Certainly our hope is that we kind of avoid consolidation and we don’t really move in that direction.”

Allen does think there is one role big farms can play: growing hemp, which has lower THC levels and can be used to make paper, cloth and soap.

Federal raids on medical marijuana are still happening in California. Some local sheriffs are going after pot farms, too. Fresno County Sheriff Margaret Mims, for example, has waged an all-out war on marijuana, raiding grows not only in cities but in the Sierra Nevada and on farmland.

“For me it really started out as the violence issue: the home invasion robberies, the homicides, the assaults, the assaults with a deadly weapon,” Mims says. “All of that started increasing in these large marijuana grows.”

Her officers have encountered gangs, booby traps and military-grade weapons at grow sites.

“If we again start allowing people to have these large grows, the violence will go up again,” says Mims.

She hopes whatever initiative passes includes some sort of control by local law enforcement.

“As long as that happens, we’re all going to come out ahead because then cities and counties can make up their own minds about what they want to do with their own land-use ordinances,” says Mims.

She also doesn’t think farmers used to growing peaches or tomatoes will want to pay taxes and fees that could come with legalizing the marijuana crop.

But companies that sell supplies for growing medical marijuana say they’re getting ready for a boom if big ag gets in on the game.

At Current Culture H20, a hydroponics company in Fresno, Christian Long sells water-based systems to help people grow all sorts of plants and vegetables. But most of his business comes from people growing cannabis.

One of his systems consists of 12 tubs connected together with PVC pipes to grow broccoli. It’s a modular system that could be used on large-scale farms.

“We’re not leaving the hobby segment, but we’re creating a whole new segment in our business that’s specifically for commercial,” says Long.

He’s expanding his warehouse by 22,000 feet, anticipating that orders will increase if a measure legalizing recreational marijuana passes later this fall.

Copyright 2016 KQED

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When you think of all the things smartphones can do now, why NOT make an app that can alert you to an earthquake?

That’s what the brains have been testing at the seismological lab at the University of California-Berkeley; an app called MyShake.

In its current configuration the app gives smartphone users confirmation of quakes, using some of the technology used in making today’s games.

The eventual plan for the app is to have it function as a warning system.

Richard Allen heads up the app project at the lab and joins us on The Exchange.

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A highly-anticipated bill calling for low-performing elementary school districts to be annexed into more successful districts stalled in committee Monday.

Dozens of opponents gathered at the state Capitol for the hearing on state Rep. Lee Denney’s House Bill 2824. The House Speaker Pro Tem says her intent is to reduce overhead and increase classroom spending.

“I know that we have too many school districts in this state, and a lot of people in this room, behind closed doors, would agree with me,” the Republican from Cushing said. “So, this is just a way to start the conversation about what we’re going to do with the high number of schools.”

But state Rep. Ed Cannaday, D-Muskogee, said it would take power away from local school boards.

“What we’re voting on here is a question of giving validity to continued belief in local democracy, and if we vote for this, we’re doing away with it,” Cannaday said.

During committee debate, Denney disagreed with an assertion by state Rep. Jason Dunnington, R-Oklahoma City, that Oklahoma has the nation’s largest percentage cut to education spending since 2008.

“We can look at the data. We can skew it any way we want to, and I believe different groups do it to their benefit,” Denney said.

According to the nonpartisan Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Oklahoma’s per-pupil spending is down 24 percent since 2008, which leads the U.S. Denney says that calculation ignores student population growth. The Appropriations and Budget Education subcommittee voted 8-3 against sending the bill to the full House. State Rep. Emily Virgin voted against the measure, and called its defeat a win for public education.

“This is what happens when citizens are engaged in the process,” Virgin said on Twitter. She said the defeat keeps local control of schools, and allows students and parents to stay in schools that serve them well. She also said the bill passed judgment on schools based on a controversial A-F grading system she called “highly flawed.”

Denney disagreed with that assertion, but Virgin said the grade directly correlates to how many low income students are in a particular campus, eCapitol’s Cynthia Santos reports:

“We need to be working with those kids. I think it’s valid to know that we may not be doing the best job that we can with our free and reduced lunch kids,” said Denney. “We know we’re going to have a shortfall, we need to make the funding equitable. We’re not closing these schools but bringing them under independent school districts.”

Rep. Todd Thompsen, R-Ada, asked Denney whether or not there any provision that requires that the receiving school to have a certain letter grade themselves. Thompsen’s question was met with applause by members of the audience.

“That should be looked at. I’m not opposed to that at all. This is conversation starter,” said Denney. “If they’re going to be annexed, it ought to be into a school district that is serving our students adequately.”

KGOU produces journalism in the public interest, essential to an informed electorate. Help support informative, in-depth journalism with a donation online, or contact our Membership department.

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Any sign of precipitation in the forecast is a welcome sight for Californians these days. But with temperatures expected to be above normal this winter, California’s snowpack may not reach the heights it could.

Getting snow in the Sierra Nevada Mountains is crucial to the state’s water supply. But scientists say as the climate continues to warm, more precipitation will fall as rain instead of snow.

“Not all precipitation is created equal,” said Kelly Redmond, who studies the snowpack at the Desert Research Institute in Reno.

Both snow and rainfall end up in the same place in California, feeding its network rivers and reservoirs. The key difference is timing.

“When it falls as snow, it stays there,” said Redmond. “It’s like a free reservoir. It doesn’t run off, doesn’t cause floods.”

The Sierra snowpack melts just as California’s dry season begins.

“It releases slowly in the spring, and shows up in the rivers and in our faucets in the summer months,” he said.

This timing is critical, Redmond says. The snowpack feeds about a third of the California’s water supply. If it fell as rain instead, water managers would need to find a way to store it in reservoirs in the winter until the dry summer months.

Record Warm Winter

State officials, understandably, keep a very close eye on snow levels, doing monthly snow surveys in the Sierra.

Currently, the snowpack is its best in years – 110 percent of normal. But last year at this time, it was just 21 percent. Dry weather was the main culprit to blame, but so was record-breaking warmth.

Last year, for the first time ever recorded in the Sierra, the coldest winter temperatures were above freezing on average.

“It doesn’t take much warming to switch from rain to snow,” said Redmond.

California’s snow is already nicknamed “Sierra cement,” because it’s known for being wet and heavy.

“It’s almost ready to turn to rain,” Redmond said. “It’s not like the powder you get in Utah and Montana and Colorado, which are at higher altitudes.”

For every five degrees of warming, the freezing point of a storm, or the altitude of the “snow level” as it’s called, will rise by a thousand feet, driving the snowpack higher into the mountains.

If rain falls on top of snow, it diminishes the snowpack further by melting it and producing heaving runoff.

“Overall the freezing level in the Sierra Nevada has been going up,” said Redmond. “It’s been more in the spring. What this means is that melting is starting to occur earlier at higher altitudes and runoff is starting earlier.”

Future of Warming

“I think this has been kind of a wake up call,” said Dan Cayan, who studies climate change at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the US Geological Survey. “The last couple years were extraordinarily warm and I think to some extent those are models for what we might expect in the future,” he said.

Cayan says California’s snowpack has already shrunk by 10 percent on average since World War II, a trend that is likely to continue as the climate warms.

“By the end of the century, if we’re lucky, we’ll only lose half,” said Cayan. “And if we’re unlucky, we could lose more than that. We’re in an era of unprecedented changes.”

Whether California will get more or less precipitation overall with climate change is something that’s been debated, but a study released on Thursday indicates that periods of dryness could increase.

Researchers found that the low-pressure weather systems that typically bring rain to the Southwestern US have formed less often during the last three decades.

“Droughts in the Southwest, specifically in California, are getting more intense and can last longer than in the past,” said Andreas Prein of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, who led the study.

Preparing for More Runoff

“It’s a big deal,” said Mark Cowin, director of California’s Department of Water Resources. “It really does change the dynamic.”

To prepare for a future with more extreme winter runoff, some have called for expanding California’s system of reservoirs.

“Of course, there’s always been interest in dams,” said Cowin. “They’re big. You can see them. But the fact is we’re not going to appreciably change the amount of reservoir capacity we have in California.”

Aside from a handful of proposed projects, there are not many good locations left for dams, he says.

Instead, Cowin says the state will need to look at other options, like storing more water underground through groundwater banking, preparing for floods and using water more efficiently.

Those options will also take substantial financial investment.

“We could spend a hundred billion dollars over the next decade or two pretty easily,” Cowin said. “Even more than that.”

California’s recent water bond could help with that, but at just $7 billion dollars, it’s really (and here comes the water metaphor) only a drop in the bucket.

Copyright 2016 KQED

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Imperial Valley hunger 2Guadalupe Rangel scoops up hearty servings of homemade pulled pork, rice and coleslaw for her two teenage sons.

This simple plate of food is not something Rangel and her sons take for granted. There was a time when she didn’t have enough money to even buy eggs, she says, her eyes welling up with tears. She was devastated to see her children hungry and losing focus in school.

“We were desperate, and it was very difficult,” she says. “I felt a lot of depression just knowing that I couldn’t give them the basics.”

Rangel lives in Imperial Valley, a largely rural county in southeastern California that borders Mexico. The area is historically one of the most productive farm regions in the nation, ranking in the top 10 percent of all agricultural sales in the US.

That makes the next statistic even more startling: the percentage of children going hungry in Imperial Valley ranks among the worst 10 percent of all US counties.

Imperial County has the highest rate of child hunger in the entire state of California, with close to 40 percent of kids not getting enough food. The majority of the county — more than 80 percent — is Hispanic.

Persistently low wages, unstable employment and severe drought conditions have taken a major toll on local agricultural workers and their families. And, that’s hitting young people the hardest.

Going to school hungry
Rangel moved across the border from Mexicali eight years ago with her sons to give them a better education. She hoped they could improve their career prospects by learning English.

Rangel’s older son, Gilbert, 17, is in high school. He has his sights set on junior college, and then a four-year-university in the nearest big city of San Diego. He’s shy and speaks softly, but confidently says he wants to be an engineer. Some of his friends have already left school to work in the fields, but he says that’s not a life he wants for himself.

Rangel and her sons live in a modest, subsidized apartment for farmworker families in Calexico, California, just minutes north of the US-Mexico border. But, work hasn’t been easy to find here. With the family struggling to pay the rent, Rangel’s husband began taking high-interest loans and got into debt.

“For months, we went through a low period,” Rangel says. “It’s just sad because there wasn’t a lot of money.”

That meant rationing food.

“There was a time when my oldest wouldn’t eat,” Rangel says. “He wasn’t able to focus or study properly.”

The same thing happened to her younger son, Jesus, now 14 years old. “His stomach was empty, so he couldn’t think at school,” she says. “He was getting headaches,” she adds, “and he didn’t put adequate attention into his work.”

Rangel’s sons are not alone. Counselors at Calexico High School say many students aren’t getting enough to eat. “We have a lot of families in need,” says Lori Blek, a student well-being facilitator at the school.

“If a student comes in who hasn’t had breakfast, it’s going to affect their learning because they’re going to focus on their stomach,” she adds.

 

Guadalupe Rangel gathers a donated box of non-perishable food for her family. The end-of-the-month food distribution helps local families who are running low on food or money.


Credit:
Sonia Narang

Hunger can impact children’s education, growth and development, and overall health for the rest of their lives, according to experts.

Sylvia Martinez, a health clerk at Calexico High School, says almost half a dozen students come into the nurse’s office each day asking for food. “They experience dizziness or weakness,” she says.

The school district provides free meals to qualified students, including lunch, but some counselors say it’s not enough for the average teenager’s diet.

Living week to week

Things improved for Rangel’s family when her husband, the kids’ stepdad, eventually found steady work in the lettuce fields. But, his job is an eight-hour drive north, in the Central Valley farming town of Salinas.

During the picking season, he only comes home to visit his family for the holidays. If he’s away from work for even a few days, he might find his job filled by someone else when he returns. But, Rangel says this situation is far better than having no work at all.

“It’s frustrating,” Rangel says. “There are a lot of people looking for work, and there’s not a lot of work. But, we do what we can with what we have.”

Today, Rangel drops by the apartment complex next door for a free food distribution. There’s still an hour until the doors open, and a long line of mothers and grandmothers – many with young children by their side – has already formed along the side of the building. They wait patiently in the intense Southern California sun, as youngsters run around playing hide-and-go-seek in the shade.

As soon as the door swings open, everyone inches forward, one-by-one, into the room. Each family picks up a big cardboard box full of donated, non-perishable food items: rice, a bag of cranberries, taco shells, a packet of pasta shells, canned spaghetti sauce, and a six-pack of cranberry juice.

The distribution, organized by the Imperial Valley Food Bank, takes place the last week of every month, when many families in the area run out of food.

“People only have so much money to get through the end of the month, and there’s always more month than money, says Sara Griffen, the food bank’s Executive Director.

“This county has always had a very large population of poor people,” Griffen says. “It remains predominantly an agricultural area. We don’t really have other industries. It’s just hard to find a job here.”

“Even though there could be two parents working 40 hours a week or more, they aren’t necessarily able to feed a family on what they’re making,” Griffen says.

On top of that, California’s multi-year drought has dried up large swaths of fertile farmland.

“Drought looks like no food on the table. Drought looks like no jobs to be had,” says Rhea Suh, President of the Natural Resources Defense Council.

She said it’s disproportionately impacting minority communities in the US.

“Drought looks like an entire economic sector of California, the agricultural sector, being put down to its knees because there’s not enough water,” she says.

Providing for the family

Rangel’s husband makes around $1,600 a month at his job packaging lettuce in Salinas. After paying rent for two apartments and utilities, there’s not much left for the family.

His job up north only lasts about half the year. But, Rangel says it’s still better than before, when he could only find 25 hours of work a week in Imperial Valley. And, that too, at just eight dollars an hour.

“It didn’t make sense that he was working with food and at the same time our family was not eating,” Rangel says. “Here I was in the U.S., but I could not achieve my dreams.”

MoreImmigrant student life in the US

But, with her husband’s steadier job up north, the family is eating normally again, at least for now.

“I always want my kids to have food in the morning, afternoon, and evening,” she says. “Always.”

She knows that could change at any time. “I think I’m stable, but not that stable. If he doesn’t work one week, the stability is gone.”

Still, she has high hopes for her sons.

“I want them to study, enter the middle class, and be happy in a good career.”

This story was produced with support from the Institute for Justice and Journalism. Selina Espinoza and Carlos Moreno assisted with translation. 

Share your thoughts and ideas on Facebook at our Global Nation Exchange, on Twitter @globalnation, or contact us here.

 

From PRI’s The World ©2015 Public Radio International

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Parents in Brazil are nervous.

There’s an increase in microcephaly, a condition when babies are born with unusually small heads. And the increase is being linked to a surge in cases of Zika.

But what exactly is Zika?


“It’s related, quite distantly, to yellow fever virus,” says virus researcher Derek Gatherer at Lancaster University in England. “Zika was also discovered in Uganda in 1947 in the great lakes region. But there we no reports of any serious illness associated with it.”

He says the interest in Zika was so low that no case studies had appeared in the tropical medicine literature from 1947 onward to 2008.

Mosquitos spread Zika. And the classic symptoms are a relatively mild fever and muscle aches. “But in all of the classic cases, until the turn of the millennium, it always resolves successfully and no patients had ever died.”

That’s not the case in Brazil, where at least five people have died from Zika. Gatherer says it’s serious, but still not that deadly when you consider there are 1.3 million case of Zika. “It might represent an indication that Zika is becoming more virulent,” he says.

But what’s caused real concern — and a CDC travel warning — is the disease’s possible connection to the birth defect of microcephaly.

And while Gatherer says nothing is absolutely proven, “I think it would be unlikely if it’s not proven to be connected, given what we’ve seen so far.”

Brazilian health authorities announced Wednesday that nearly 4,000 babies have been born with microcephaly since they started tracking the problem in October. That’s compared to fewer than 150 cases in all of 2014.

On Thursday, a new danger from Zika surfaced: paralysis. The New York Times disease specialists in Brazil as saying the virus may cause Guillain-Barré syndrome, in which a person’s immune system attacks part of the nervous system. It is potentially life threatening.

Though Zika outbreaks have occurred elsewhere, the noted association with microcephaly has been new, perhaps because the number of cases during previous outbreaks in places like Micronesia and New Caledonia have been much smaller.

Viruses like dengue fever have been known to pass from pregnant mothers to fetuses, but it’s not yet clear if and how the Zika virus enters the placenta and damages the brains of babies.

The outbreak of Zika and microcephaly is centered in the drought-prone northeastern region of the country, where residents store water in outdoor reservoirs and containers to prepare for periodic water shutoffs. These areas provide ample breeding grounds for the mosquitos that spread Zika.

There is concern, however, that when the rainy season begins in February, the epidemic will spread to the more heavily populated areas around Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.

Currently, Brazilian scientists are trying to better understand virus transmission, speed up the development of a Zika vaccine and come up with a new testing kit.

Public health prevention efforts in Brazil are focused on reducing standing water where mosquitos lay their eggs.

The army has been called in to Sao Paulo and other states to accompany health workers as they visit homes to identify and remove standing water, and public service announcements are airing on TV and radio. In some areas, mosquito breeding areas are being dosed with insecticides.

In the Brazilian city of Sao Carlos, 18,000 school children are being trained to check homes for mosquito larvae, according to project coordinator Caio Freire.

National authorities are reminding visitors to use insect repellent and long sleeves to avoid mosquito bites.

Meanwhile, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the US last week recommended pregnant women consider postponing travel to Brazil and other countries where Zika transmission is ongoing, including Guatemala, Mexico, Panama and the US territory of Puerto Rico.

—via PRI’s The World

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Ruth Valenzuela lifts a plastic sheet off the top of a small water barrel on her tiny back patio. She fills it up — along with the washing machine when possible — on the rare days that her taps flow.

She says the family has running water maybe two days a week. And when there is water, it’s usually just a trickle, not even enough for a shower.

Valenzuela lives in the port city of Ensenada in the Mexican state of Baja California. It’s a fast-growing place that’s popular with tourists and American retirees.

But since January, the entire city has been rationing water. Each neighborhood is supposed to get water two to three days a week. But some say it’s more like once a week, and maybe for just a few hours.

The reason is the same as what’s plaguing much of California: a serious drought.

“Winter wasn’t winter,” says Arturo Alvarado, who runs the city’s water system. “It wasn’t cold. It didn’t rain.”

Alvarado is standing at a pumping station below the city’s only reservoir. The pumps have been shut off because there’s not enough water in the reservoir.

Alvarado says this is the first time the dam has had so little water.

Ensenada gets most of its water from wells and nearby valleys. But those are drying up. The scariest thing is that this is the time of year when the city’s water supplies should be flush.

Instead, there’s only enough to give each resident about 43 gallons a day. By comparison, residents of San Diego — less than a hundred miles to the north and with the same climate — used more than three times as much water each day last year.

“I’m really concerned,” Alvarado says. “But we’re working to resolve the problem.”

In fact, the state’s governor has promised the rationing will stop by the end of this month.

The region’s public utilities commission is touting its solution online, with a video showing tractors heading to a new well site and stacks of blue water pipes ready to be laid.

Ensenada recently got money from the state to pump water from this new watershed just outside the city. But it’s a pretty thin straw. Authorities say there’s enough groundwater here to get Ensenada’s taps running normally again, but only for the summer.

Beyond that, there’s a big gap until the next promised solution comes along.

“Desalination is the future,” says Alvarado. “That and reuse.”

Alvarado says the first of several planned desalination plants should come on line in two years. The city also hopes eventually to recycle wastewater and tap into the Colorado River water that currently supplies Baja California’s other major cities.

Climatologists say this kind of diversification will be a key to adapting, as climate change leads to more serious droughts in this part of the world.

But desalination is expensive, and the Colorado River is already overtaxed.

So for now, residents like Valenzuela are left to do the best they can with what little water they can get. Valenzuela says she and her husband plan to buy a tinaco, a big water tank popular elsewhere in Mexico. They’re expensive, though, and they don’t do anything to solve the big picture water problem.

But they at least help folks like Valenzuela hold onto some water when it does make it to their tap.

 

From PRI’s The World ©2015 Public Radio International

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Today, The World launches a new series on climate change and the future of food.  Host Marco Werman speaks with The World’s environment editor Peter Thomson about the inspiration for the series and some of what we’ll hear over the next couple of months.

Marco Werman: What’s for lunch?

It’s one of my favorite questions, always.

You listeners have been helping us with answers in recent days, Instagramming your meals using the hashtag #whats4lunch, and telling us how what you eat has might be changing because of climate change.

What’s for lunch. It’s also the name of an upcoming series of reports on The World.

The World’s environment editor Peter Thomson is producing and editing the series.

Why are we featuring these stories, Peter, and why the name – What’s for Lunch?

Peter Thomson: Well, the inspiration for the series was really just a couple of facts that are at once very simple and incredibly complicated. The first is that growing enough food is really the basis of human civilization.  It’s always been a big challenge, but it’s becoming even more so because of the second of these facts, which is that agriculture is really right in the cross-hairs of climate change.

Werman: Alright, how so?

Thomson: Some of the most basic effects of climate change will have huge impacts on agriculture.  Think of things like rising sea levels, rising temperatures, changing patterns of rainfall and drought, where and when insects show up.

And at the same time agriculture itself is a major part of the the climate problem, both because it uses huge amounts of fossil fuels and because it also produces huge amounts of greenhouse gases.

So how we get our food will change. And together with the folks at Homelands Productions, who are our partners in this project, we wanted to talk with people around the world who are working on some of those changes.

As for the name, lunch I guess is in some ways the most ordinary of meals, and we thought it would help capture how this massive global challenge is going to affect some of the most mundane parts of our lives.

Werman: My own little contribution to this global challenge is, I try to shop as locally as possible. I’ve been illustrating my habits on Instagram like our listeners, using that hashtag #whats4lunch. And it’s making me think, but the toughest thing about all this climate change vs. food puzzle for me is getting information about the food I eat, where it comes from. How is all this affecting you personally?

Thomson: Well, I think about this stuff all the time and it’s just as much of a challenge for me and my family, I think, and as it is for you and everybody else who tries to be aware of the environmental impact of their food.

Where our food comes from, your question, is certainly a big part of the question, not merely because of the “food miles” issue – how far our food travels to get to us – but also because one really important response to the challenge of climate change is building local resilience.  Food supplies are going to be disrupted, to different degrees in different times and different places, which makes it really important for every region to be as self-sufficient as possible. Not an easy task of course, no place will ever be able to completely achieve it.

Just as important of course are things like cutting down on the energy and other inputs that go into your food.

There are resources out there that can help people figure these things out but it can still be incredibly difficult. Our hope is that this series and our online components of it will help our listeners at least a bit.

Werman: So what are some of the highlights?

Thomson: Well, we’re going to be looking at solutions people are working on around the world – local, global, high tech, low-tech. So just to illustrate that range, among other places we’ll go to Mexico, where a grain that once was a staple there is being brought back. It’s called amaranth, it’s extremely nutritious. Just as important, its very resistant to drought, heat and pests.

We’ll also go to the Netherlands, where researchers are exploring alternatives to traditional animal protein, among them things like lab-grown meat.

Werman: Lab-grown meat, I don’t know how I feel about that.

So what are we going to hear today?.

Thomson: So to kick things off we’re heading to Singapore, which is one of the most crowded places in the world. We’re going to look at the emerging phenomenon of super-efficient vertical farming.  Our reporter for today’s story is Sam Eaton.

Werman: Alright, let’s get in the elevator. Thank you, Peter Thomson, The world’s environment editor.

“What’s for Lunch” is the latest chapter in “Food for 9 Billion,” a two-year project spearheaded by Homelands Productions and the Center for Investigative Reporting, and broadcast partners PBS NewsHour and American Public Media’s Marketplace.

 

From PRI’s The World ©2015 Public Radio International

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